Multicultural Canada is one of the world’s best destinations for migrants. Its cosmopolitan cities, a stable economy and high quality of life make it one of the best countries to live in. Canada also has a huge demand for migrants and has opened its doors to individuals with the skills and talent to give it a global edge.
Canada has one of the world’s most forward thinking immigration programs. There are multiple programs by which one can apply to migrate to Canada. These include:
The list of programs is dynamic and can change at any point of time. Each of these programs comes with its own set of application criteria and is designed for different types of applicants.
The Express Entry program is one of the most popular ways to migrate to Canada. It was the first immigration program to use skills and points to assess the eligibility of individuals wishing to migrate.
The visa processing time under this program can extend up to six months or less.
If you opt for the PNP to apply for your PR visa, these are the steps:
The criteria for evaluating the PR application differs in each province but the eligibility requirements are like the Express Entry Program.
The PNP is an option you can choose if your points score is not high enough and you still get your provincial nomination. When making your application under the PNP, you can choose a province from where it will be easy to get a nomination based on your profile.
A provincial nomination can help you in two ways to get your PR visa. It can add 600 CRS points to your Express Entry application and makes you eligible to apply for your PR visa directly to IRCC.
Quebec has its own Provincial Nominee Program known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP). This immigration program was started with the intention to encourage more immigrants to come and settle in Quebec without having to go through the hassle of a lengthy immigration process.
Through this program skilled workers can apply for the Quebec Selection Certificate or Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). It is not necessary for applicants to have a valid job offer in order to migrate to Quebec. However, those with a job offer are given higher priority.
Th QSWP is also based on a points-based system like the Express Entry System.
While each program to migrate to Canada has different criteria, there are a few things in common. Canadian immigration officials will typically assess migration applications based on:
This is not an exhaustive list and subject to change.
MIGRATE TO CANADA THROUGH EXPRESS ENTRY
|Express Entry Programs|
|Federal Skilled Worker Program||Canadian Experience Class||Federal Skilled Trades Program|
|Language skills:||✓CLB 7||✓CLB 7 if your NOC is 0 or A||✓CLB 5 for speaking and listening|
|(English or French skills)||✓CLB 5 if your NOC is B||✓CLB 4 for reading and writing|
|Work Experience:(Type/Level &Amount)||✓Canadian Experience in NOCs||✓Canadian Experience in NOCs||✓Canadian Experience in skilled trade|
|✓One year continuous within the last 10 years||✓One year in Canada in the last 3 years||✓Two years within last 5 years|
|Job offer:||Selection criteria (FSW) points for a job offer.||Not Applicable||A full time job offer for at least 1 year|
|Education:||Secondary education required.||Not Applicable||Not Applicable|
|Extra points for your post-secondary education.|
|IRCC Time Lines:||ECA Credential Assessment: Upon submission of documents to designated authorities 8 to 20 weeks.|
|Express Entry Profile: Express Entry Profile is valid for 1 year from the date of submission.|
|PR Application: Upon receiving ITA client must submit supporting documents within 60 days.|
|PR Visa: Upon submission of PR application the visa processing time is 6 months.|
|PR Visa: PR visa is valid for 5 years.|
|PHASE WISE PROCESS TIMELINES & COSTS:|
|Phase||Process||Description||Designated Authority||TAT (Turn Around Time)||Fees Applicable|
|Phase 1||Step 1||An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is used to verify your foreign education is valid and equal to a completed credential in Canada. It is valid for 5 years.||WES||6-8 Weeks||CAD$ 305|
|IQAS||20 Weeks||CAD$ 275|
|ICAS||20 Weeks||CAD$ 285|
|ICES||8 – 10 Weeks||CAD$ 200 + CAD$ 75 for Courier|
|CES||12 Weeks||CAD$ 210 + CAD$ 102 for Courier|
|MCC(Doctors)||15 Weeks||CAD$ 285 Fee + CAD$ 165 SVR + CAD$ 106 ECA|
|PEBC(Pharmacists)||15 Weeks||CAD$ 325 Fee + CAD$ 650 Evaluation|
|Step 2||English or French Language Test||IELTS /CELPIP /TEF||Within 4 weeks||INR 13,250 (Variable)|
|Phase 2||Step 1||EOI – Expression Of Interest||IRCC||Your Profile will be valid for 12 months.||No Fee|
|Step 2||PNP – Provincial Nomination Program||Provincial Authorities||Varies based on Provinces.||Varies based on Provinces.|
|Phase 3||Step 1||Invitation To Apply – ITA||Main Applicant + Spouse + Children||60 Days||Visa Per Head – CAD$ 550|
|RPRF Per Head – CAD$ 490|
|Bio Metrics – CAD$ 85|
|Medical Fee – As applicable|
|Step 2||Passport Submission and PR Visa||Main Applicant + Spouse + Children||Up to 30 days||VFS fee as applicable|
|Occupation||Average Salary in CAD|
|Sales Representative||$52,000 to $64,000|
|Accountant||$63,000 to $75,000|
|Engineering Project Manager||$74,000 to $92,000|
|Business Analyst||$73,000 to $87,000|
|IT Project Manager||$92,000 to $114,000|
|Account Manager||$75,000 to $92,000|
|Software Engineer||$83,000 to $99,000|
|Human Resources||$59,000 to $71,000|
|Customer Service Representative||$37,000 to $43,000|
|Administrative Assistant||$37,000 to $46,000|