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Multicultural Canada is one of the world’s best destinations for migrants. Its cosmopolitan cities, a stable economy and high quality of life make it one of the best countries to live in. Canada also has a huge demand for migrants and has opened its doors to individuals with the skills and talent to give it a global edge.


Canada has one of the world’s most forward thinking immigration programs. There are multiple programs by which one can apply to migrate to Canada. These include:

  • Migration to Canada through Express Entry program
  • Migrate to Canada through the Quebec Selected Workers Program
  • Migrate to Canada through Provincial Nominee Program
  • Migrate to Canada as an Entrepreneur/self-employed person
  • Migration to Canada for family
  • Migrate to Canada as an Investor

The list of programs is dynamic and can change at any point of time. Each of these programs comes with its own set of application criteria and is designed for different types of applicants. 

  1. Express Entry Program:

The Express Entry program is one of the most popular ways to migrate to Canada. It was the first immigration program to use skills and points to assess the eligibility of individuals wishing to migrate.

 The visa processing time under this program can extend up to six months or less.

  1. Provincial Nominee Program (PNP):

 If you opt for the PNP to apply for your PR visa, these are the steps:

  • You must apply in the province or region where you desire to settle.
  • You could be nominated by the province to apply for a PR visa if your profile meets the eligibility criteria.
  • You can apply for your PR visa after you are nominated by a province.

The criteria for evaluating the PR application differs in each province but the eligibility requirements are like the Express Entry Program.

The PNP is an option you can choose if your points score is not high enough and you still get your provincial nomination. When making your application under the PNP, you can choose a province from where it will be easy to get a nomination based on your profile.

A provincial nomination can help you in two ways to get your PR visa. It can add 600 CRS points to your Express Entry application and makes you eligible to apply for your PR visa directly to IRCC.

  1. Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP):

Quebec has its own Provincial Nominee Program known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP). This immigration program was started with the intention to encourage more immigrants to come and settle in Quebec without having to go through the hassle of a lengthy immigration process.

Through this program skilled workers can apply for the Quebec Selection Certificate or Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). It is not necessary for applicants to have a valid job offer in order to migrate to Quebec. However, those with a job offer are given higher priority.

 Th QSWP is also based on a points-based system like the Express Entry System.


While each program to migrate to Canada has different criteria, there are a few things in common. Canadian immigration officials will typically assess migration applications based on:

  • Educational profile
  • Professional profile
  • Your IELTS score
  • French language skills if migrating to Quebec
  • References & legal documentation
  • Canadian employment documentation

This is not an exhaustive list and subject to change. 


 Express Entry Programs
Federal Skilled Worker ProgramCanadian Experience ClassFederal Skilled Trades Program
Eligibility Criteria:
Language skills:✓CLB 7✓CLB 7 if your NOC is 0 or A✓CLB 5 for speaking and listening
(English or French skills)✓CLB 5 if your NOC is B✓CLB 4 for reading and writing
Work Experience:(Type/Level &Amount)✓Canadian Experience in NOCs✓Canadian Experience in NOCs✓Canadian Experience in skilled trade
✓One year continuous within the last 10 years✓One year in Canada in the last 3 years✓Two years within last 5 years
Job offer:Selection criteria (FSW) points for a  job offer.Not ApplicableA full time job offer for at least 1 year
Education:Secondary education required.Not ApplicableNot Applicable
Extra points for your post-secondary education.
IRCC Time Lines:ECA Credential Assessment: Upon submission of documents to designated authorities 8 to 20 weeks.
Express Entry Profile: Express Entry Profile is valid for 1 year from the date of submission.
PR Application: Upon receiving ITA client  must submit  supporting documents within 60 days.
PR Visa: Upon submission of PR application the visa processing time is 6 months.
PR Visa: PR visa is valid for 5 years.
PhaseProcessDescriptionDesignated AuthorityTAT (Turn Around Time)Fees Applicable
Phase 1Step 1An Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) is used to verify your foreign education is valid and equal to a completed credential in Canada. It is valid for 5 years.WES6-8 WeeksCAD$ 305
IQAS20 WeeksCAD$ 275
ICAS20 WeeksCAD$ 285
ICES8 – 10 WeeksCAD$ 200 + CAD$ 75 for Courier
CES12 WeeksCAD$ 210 + CAD$ 102 for Courier
 MCC(Doctors)15 WeeksCAD$ 285 Fee + CAD$ 165 SVR + CAD$ 106 ECA
PEBC(Pharmacists)15 WeeksCAD$ 325 Fee + CAD$ 650 Evaluation
Step 2English or French Language TestIELTS /CELPIP /TEFWithin 4 weeksINR 13,250 (Variable)
Phase 2Step 1EOI – Expression Of InterestIRCCYour Profile will be valid for 12 months.No Fee
Step 2PNP – Provincial Nomination ProgramProvincial AuthoritiesVaries based on Provinces.Varies based on Provinces.
Phase 3Step 1Invitation To Apply – ITAMain Applicant + Spouse + Children60 DaysVisa Per Head – CAD$ 550
RPRF Per Head – CAD$ 490
Bio Metrics – CAD$ 85
Medical Fee – As applicable
Step 2Passport Submission and PR VisaMain Applicant + Spouse + ChildrenUp to 30 daysVFS fee as applicable
OccupationAverage Salary in CAD
Sales Representative$52,000 to $64,000
Accountant$63,000 to $75,000
Engineering Project Manager$74,000 to $92,000
Business Analyst$73,000 to $87,000
IT Project Manager$92,000 to $114,000
Account Manager$75,000 to $92,000
Software Engineer$83,000 to $99,000
Human Resources$59,000 to $71,000
Customer Service Representative$37,000 to $43,000
Administrative Assistant$37,000 to $46,000